The polo started to be practiced in Argentina in the late nineteenth century (1890 around) by the impact of the English. In those early days, usually Criollo horses were raised, but over time the farm owners began crossbreeding with racehorses. In reproducing polo ponies there are 3 key elements to consider for a horse: the design, their capability, and character.
These 3 aspects are highly searched for by horse breeders so the selection started carrying out in terms of these characteristics. So it was that, they began to let the players’ mares (with a greater focus on those that were winning tournaments) within the herd and stallions to employ the appropriate requirements to become players.
Herds that were most effective were those that attained a high crossbreeding with pure racehorses as this provided more speed horses (a bottom line in a polo field).
Some of the physical attributes sought in a polo pony today are (these would be the average qualities): between 1, 55 and 1.60 tall, weighing 400 to 500 kg, strong skeleton, sanguine temperament, muscular body and thick, well proportioned with rather straight profile, long neck and well inserted into its ends and wide forehead. Regarding the game the body it is expected to:
- Of its forelimbs, long blades inclined and muscled, long and strong arms and lower arms, knees and dry big, medium and oblique pasterns;
- Of its trunk is anticipated chest deep however not very large, oblique cross, convex and deep ribs, rounded and smooth haunches, brief and muscular back, strong, horizontal and long rump, tail inserted properly;
- Of their lower limbs muscular and deep thigh anticipated, outbound and strong stifles, hocks rights, dry and smooth, medium and oblique pasterns.
Horses that have quick and free passage are entitled to trot and canter low action and vigorously required. In relation to age, horses between 4 and 14 years are preferred (the age of a horse can be figured out by the size, shape, and color of your teeth). In general, the character of a horse is closely related to their training (the bad treatment from a trainer, in turn, produces bad habits in horses).
The very best results are acquired when conjugated in the choice of polo horses animal’s physical fitness for the game, children, physical conformation and pedigree.
The outcomes of hybrid brought enhancements, however, there is a point that they lost the respect of Poleros old, and this relates to its structure. But presently, the polo horses have a higher height (actually rise to 1.60 meters).
In relation to the modifications that accompanied respect to the game itself, some feel that not playing a total entire chucker is damaging to the strength of the horses.
Given the terrific technological advances and brand-new forms of reproduction, the possibility of forming embryos mares is currently used in reality. This will certainly have the result of accelerating the choice process by increasing the quality of herds.
Argentina now exports horses for Polo. This not just for their herds that is “Poleros” having excellent quality but also for the riders it has. So they can be seen in other parts of the world and Argentine horse riders participate in the best tournaments. However, all this is required to acknowledge the good breeders who understood how to improve the race through the most appropriate crossbreeding.